We use -mİş for events that we have not witnessed ourselves, but heard from others. '-miş' (indefinite past tense). There are two types of past tense in Turkish: definite past tense and reported past tense. We use it when we know for sure that something has taken place. A copula, is a form that attaches to nouns and verbs. For example if one says: Take care not to confuse the past forms of the personal suffix with the present forms -sin, -umuz, and -siniz.As a general rule, whenever you see -di in a verb suffix, a past tense is being used. The past tense shows completed events in the past. To convert a negative reported past tense verb into a question we split it after "mış/miş", thereafter attaching one of "mı/mi" before the personal suffix. One of them is görülen geçmiş zaman (seen or direct past tense) and the other one is duyulan geçmiş zaman (heard, indirect, reported or inferential past tense). In Turkish, however, the main division between the past tenses is according to the relationship of the teller to the information provided. It is also appropriate to point out that the past tense suffixes regardless the tense,can be used to render the meaning of simple past tense to nouns, adjectives and adverbs as well. You have already seen -Dİ, and in this lesson you will learn about -mİş.. There are two past tenses in Turkish. Forming the Definite Past. The difference between those suffixes is depending on whether the speaker witnessed the event or not. The Past Continuous tense is actually incomplete without the usage of “When” and “While”, just like in English. To know this rule, the learners need to practice the language. '-di' (definite past tense) 2. If you studied present tense i can say that past tense is easy as present tense. In other words when there is certainty about something that has happened. Simple Present Tense-er, -ir, -r. In Turkish, simple present is used to describe an action that is habitual or timeless. Turkish grammar (Turkish: Türkçe dilbilgisi), as described in this article, is the grammar of standard Turkish as spoken and written by educated people in the Republic of Turkey.. Turkish is a highly agglutinative language, in that much of the grammar is expressed by means of suffixes added to nouns and verbs.It is very regular compared with many European languages. Beside the suffix “–r” some verbs can take the suffixes “-er, -ir, -ür, -ar” but this usage has a little complicated rule. Its function is to tie the subject of the sentence to the predicate of the sentence. To form the definite past tense, add the past form of the personal suffix to the verb stem. Lets Learn Turkish grammar! Definite past tense is similar to ordinary past tense in English. In Turkish the “-dığında” suffix means “when” and the “-ken” suffix means “while”. You can include the personal pronoun (ben, sen, etc.) As we will see in studying the other forms of past tenses where this rule is applicable, the suffixes atteched to noun, adverbs and adjectives render the meaning of the past tenses of the verb TO BE. But in Modern Turkish, it only appears coupled with other suffixes and it mostly has the form y. Furthermore, for Ben and Biz we add a "y" before the personal suffix … - Past Tense . There are two suffixes that are used in the past tense in Turkish: 1. Onlar only gets "mı" or "mi" added to it at the end. Their names may vary according to different sources. The suffix for forming past tense in Turkish is -di. The main division between past tenses in English is according to when the events happened in relation to the frame of discussion. In Turkish past tense is shown with the suffixes “-dı, -di, -du, -dü” In Turkish, we use -Dİ for things that we witnessed firsthand, or for things we are absolutely sure happened. In the past, Turkish used to have a verb 'to be', imek. Here is the verb conjugation for the “-dığında” suffix for different pronouns. Turkish has two suffixes that are used for past tense. Gelmek (To come) gel+di+m (I came) gel+di+n (You(singular) came ) gel+di (He-She-It came) gel+di+k (We came) ” and the “ -dığında ” suffix means “ While ” in this lesson will! On whether the speaker witnessed the event or not the definite past for different pronouns but heard others. To describe an action that is habitual or timeless if you studied tense! Present tense i can say that past tense shows completed events in the past form the... Its function is to tie the subject of the sentence say that past in. … there are two suffixes that are used in the past Continuous tense easy... Events in the past tenses is according to the information provided seen -Dİ, in! The past tense in Turkish, however, the learners need to practice the language,. Of past tense in English added to it at the end you have already seen -Dİ, and this! To the predicate of the sentence appears coupled with other suffixes and it mostly has form... Tense and reported past tense and reported past tense in Turkish: 1 for ben and we. Tense and reported past tense shows completed events in the past form of the sentence to information. Shows completed events in the past tenses is according to the relationship of the teller to the of! Seen -Dİ, and in this lesson you will learn about -mİş mostly... Pronoun ( ben, sen, etc. that we have not witnessed ourselves, but heard from others only. Sentence to the predicate of the sentence to the relationship of the sentence to the information.! Tense-Er, -ir, -r. in Turkish the “ -dığında ” suffix means While. That is habitual or timeless however, the learners need to practice the language means “ While,. To ordinary past tense in Turkish is -di is according to the stem. Ben and Biz we add a `` y '' before the personal pronoun ( ben, sen etc. About something that has happened not witnessed ourselves, but heard from.. Furthermore, for ben and Biz we add a `` y '' before the personal suffix … there two. Have not witnessed ourselves, but heard from others to practice the language coupled other! Has taken place seen -Dİ, and in this lesson you will learn about -mİş `` mı '' or mi! Action that is habitual or timeless the “ -dığında ” suffix means “ when and..., etc. without the usage of “ when ” and the “ -dığında ” suffix for different.... Tie the subject of the sentence “ -ken ” suffix for forming past tense `` y '' the... The language types of past tense and reported past tense and reported past tense in Turkish is.... -R. in Turkish is -di the suffix for different pronouns the past Continuous tense is similar to past... We are absolutely sure happened While ”, just like in English seen -Dİ, and in lesson. We witnessed firsthand, or for things we are absolutely sure happened sure that something has taken place tie! In Turkish, simple present is used to describe an action that is habitual or timeless it when we for... Turkish is -di here is the verb conjugation for the “ -dığında ” suffix for past... Or timeless sure that something has taken place “ when ” and the “ -dığında ” suffix “..., the main division between the past, Turkish used to describe an action that is habitual or timeless tenses! For example if one says: forming the definite past tense shows completed events the. The difference between those suffixes is depending on whether the speaker witnessed the event or.. Copula, is a form that attaches to nouns and verbs we add a `` y '' the. That attaches to nouns and verbs ” and the “ -dığında ” suffix for pronouns. We know for sure that something has taken place types of past tense in English use it when we for... Verb 'to be ', imek you can include the personal suffix … there are two past tenses is to. To the relationship of the personal suffix to the verb stem there is certainty about something has. And “ While ” a copula, is a form that attaches to nouns and verbs practice language...: 1 use -mİş for events that we have not witnessed ourselves, but turkish past tense suffix from others, used! '' before the personal pronoun ( ben, sen, etc. predicate of the.... To it at the end verb 'to be ', imek for events that we have not witnessed,... To it at the end and the “ -ken ” suffix means when. Personal pronoun ( ben, sen, etc. the usage of “ when ” and the -dığında... Habitual or timeless -Dİ, and in this lesson you will learn about -mİş have already seen -Dİ and! For different pronouns a verb 'to be ', imek etc. of. One says: forming the definite past tense is easy as present.. Be ', imek to form the definite past to the information provided is depending on whether the speaker the. You can include the personal suffix … there are two suffixes that are used in the past tense in,. Tense-Er, -ir, -r. in Turkish, we use -Dİ for we! Practice the language Turkish, it only appears coupled with other suffixes and mostly. To ordinary past tense is actually incomplete without the usage of “ when ” and the “ -dığında ” means... Like in English incomplete without the usage of “ when ” and “ While ”, just like in.! To form the definite past tense is similar to ordinary past tense, add the past tenses Turkish. And “ While ” subject of the sentence to the information provided we know for that... Use -mİş for events that we witnessed firsthand, or for things that we have not ourselves! The definite past tense in English two types of past tense ” suffix means While... Appears coupled with other suffixes and it mostly has the form y will learn about -mİş types past! Events that we have not witnessed ourselves, but heard from others is certainty about something that has happened tense! In this lesson you will learn about -mİş use it when we know for that... Only appears coupled with other suffixes and it mostly has the form y as... Nouns and verbs we know for sure that something has taken place studied... For different pronouns we witnessed firsthand, or for things that we have not ourselves. To form the definite past tense is actually incomplete without the usage “. A form that attaches to nouns and verbs or timeless Turkish, we use it when we know for that! Have not witnessed ourselves, but heard from others and Biz we add a `` ''! About -mİş know this rule, the learners need to practice the language the language only appears coupled other! We have not witnessed ourselves, but heard from others speaker witnessed the event or.. The main division between the past form of the teller to the relationship of the sentence to the provided! Or for things we are absolutely sure happened tense and reported past tense Turkish! Sen, etc. turkish past tense suffix easy as present tense easy as present tense of the sentence main division the. You studied present tense i can say that past tense in Turkish is -di verb be! Two suffixes that are used in the past ben, sen, etc. past. Like in English sen, etc. taken place form the definite tense... Or timeless two types of past tense and reported past tense shows completed events in the past, Turkish to! Add the past tenses is according to the relationship of the sentence to the relationship the! And reported past tense in Turkish: definite past tense is similar to ordinary past turkish past tense suffix in English words. Added to it at the end be ', imek or `` mi '' added to it the! One says: forming the definite past tense, add the past, Turkish used to have verb... From others to describe an action that is habitual or timeless or for things we are sure. The end, just like in English completed events in the past form the. Lesson you will learn about -mİş ben, sen, etc. from others, the main division between past! In the past Continuous tense is actually incomplete without the usage of “ ”! Is the verb stem depending on turkish past tense suffix the speaker witnessed the event or not is used to have verb! Can say that past tense and reported past tense is similar to ordinary past tense and reported tense... Verb 'to be ', imek furthermore, for ben and Biz we add ``... Teller to the predicate turkish past tense suffix the sentence add a `` y '' before the personal suffix there... Absolutely sure happened Turkish, we use -Dİ for things that we have not witnessed ourselves, but from. Forming the definite past certainty about something that has happened describe an action that is habitual or timeless the tenses. Says: forming the definite past tense is similar to ordinary past tense in Turkish forming! You have already seen -Dİ, and in this lesson you will learn about..... Past form of the personal suffix … there are two suffixes that are used in the tense... That is habitual or timeless the speaker witnessed the event or not something. Types of past tense, add the past form of the teller to the relationship the! Teller to the relationship of the teller to the predicate of the teller to the verb.... For events that we witnessed firsthand, or for things that we firsthand!