by means of crosses with maize (Zea mays L.) using picloram and dicamba", "Relative efficiency of different Gramineae genera for haploid induction in triticale and triticale x wheat hybrids through the chromosome elimination technique", "Heterosis and Combining Ability in Spring Triticale (x, "Heterosis for yield and other agronomic traits of winter triticale F, "Heterosis and combining ability for grain yield and other agronomic traits in winter triticale", "Assessing genetic variation to predict the breeding value of winter triticale cultivars and lines", "Clinical and diagnostic aspects of gluten related disorders", https://web.archive.org/web/20150923224123/http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?12927, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Triticale&oldid=992510623, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with incomplete citations from March 2017, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Two methods are commonly employed: infectious bacterial-mediated (usually Agrobacterium) and biolistics, with the latter being most commonly applied to allopolyploid cereals such as triticale. Triplicate Meaning In Urdu. An important advantage of biotechnology applied to plant breeding is the speeding up of cultivar release that would otherwise take 8–12 years. 2. Many R-genes have been transferred to wheat from its wild relatives, and appear in the catalogue, thus making them available for triticale breeding. Genes located in the proximal areas of chromosomes may be completely linked (very closely spaced), thus preventing or severely hampering genetic recombination, which is necessary to incorporate such blocks. Cavaleri, P. (2002) Selection Responses for Some Agronomic Traits in Hexaploid Triticale. The verb dates from the early 17th century. Since the induction of the CIMMYT triticale breeding programme in 1964, the improvement in realised grain yield has been remarkable. ; Shebeski, L.H. [17], Doubled haploid (DH) plants have the potential to save much time in the development of inbred lines. Also in future you fill find pronunciation and who to speek triticale in hindi and english. [10] After these developments, a new era of triticale breeding was introduced. Combining ability is assessed by taking into consideration all available information on descent (genetic relatedness), morphology, qualitative (simply inherited) traits and biochemical and molecular markers. Beautiful Urdu Words with meaning - This article is a collection of 33 beautiful words in Urdu that one should start using more often in their lives. The aim of a triticale breeding programme is mainly focused on the improvement of quantitative traits, such as grain yield, nutritional quality and plant height, as well as traits which are more difficult to improve, such as earlier maturity and improved test weight (a measure of bulk density). [6] As a feed grain, triticale is already well established and of high economic importance. How To Spell Triplicate [noun, adjective trip-li-kit, -keyt; verb trip-li-keyt]. Triticale definition is - an amphidiploid hybrid between wheat and rye having protein-rich grain; also : its grain. حِساب و شُمار کا عمل یا اِس کے قواعد خصوصاً کمپیوٹر کے ذریعے مسائل کا حل. One of the ways to relieve this problem was to produce secalotricum, in which rye cytoplasm was used instead of that from wheat. In this way, some chromosomes from the R genome have been replaced by some from the D genome. These traits are controlled by more than one gene. Translator. The tetraploids showed little promise, but hexaploid triticale was successful enough to find commercial application.[3]. 2015 Research data from the Great Plains show that TriCal ® Triticale grazing potential was … But each plant produces fewer grains, so its yield per acre has been less than wheat's. Exceptionally little information exists on the use of molecular markers to predict heterosis in triticale. Modern triticale has overcome most of these problems, after decades of additional breeding or gene transfer with wheat and rye. Triticale (/ t r ɪ t ɪ ˈ k eɪ l iː /; × Triticosecale) is a hybrid of wheat (Triticum) and rye (Secale) first bred in laboratories during the late 19th century in Scotland and Germany. In the ancient world, wheat and rye each had their problems: In the 19th century, crossing cultivars or species became better understood, allowing the manual hybridization of more plants and animals. [noun, adjective trip-li-kit, -keyt; verb trip-li-keyt]. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Another on-line database of cereal rust resistance genes is available at [2]. Noun. Frequently misspelled as tricticale, it is a cross between wheat (Latin triticum) and rye (Latin secale). [33], The genetic transformation of crops involves the incorporation of 'foreign' genes or rather, very small DNA fragments compared to introgression discussed earlier. A later episode titled "More Tribbles, More Troubles", in the animated series, also written by Gerrold, dealt with "quinto-triticale", an improvement on the original, having apparently five lobes per kernel. Different ploidy levels have been created and evaluated over time. ; Hodgson, G.C. Its a hybrid of wheat (Triticum) and rye (Secale) and was first bred in laboratories during the late 19th century. To select the most promising parents for hybrid production, test crosses conducted in various environments are required, because the variance of their specific combining ability under differing environmental conditions is the most important component in evaluating their potential as parents to produce promising hybrids. These were because its seeds were so much smaller, and there were less on each head. This carries with it the aim of changing the genetic structure of the plant population. Information and translations of triticale in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions … After Afterward Afterwards Later Later On Subsequently: بعد میں Baad Men: happening at a time subsequent to a reference time. The identification of good combining ability at an early stage in the breeding programme can reduce the costs associated with 'carrying' a large number of plants (literally thousands) through it, and thus forms part of efficient selection. 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